Hedge Fund Launches at Highest Level Since 2017: HFR
Posted by Colin Lambert. Last updated: March 25, 2022
New hedge fund launches rose the highest level since 2017 as total industry capital remained above the historic $4 trillion milestone to begin 2022, according to the latest HFR Market Microstructure Report, released by indexation, analysis and research provider HFR. An estimated 614 new funds launched in 2021, the highest calendar year total since 2017 when 735 new funds launched.
The positive picture was reinforced by an estimated 527 funds liquidated in 2021, the lowest total since 2004 when just 296 funds liquidated. Total industry capital was $973 billion in 2004, in contrast to over $4 trillion to begin 2022 as investors maintained or increased positions in existing hedge funds. Factors which have contributed to the declining number of liquidations during the recent uncertain macroeconomic environment include generational inflation, increased government spending, rising interest rates, and increased geopolitical tensions, HFR says.
After producing a strong +9.9% return in 2021, the investable HFRI 500 Index has exhibited strong defensive capital preservation over the volatile start to 2022, topping equity market losses with a narrow decline of 1.2% through February. Uncorrelated Macro strategies have led performance thus far in 2022, advancing 3.8% through February, with strong gains across fundamental discretionary, commodity and systematic trend-following strategies.
The performance dispersion of the HFRI FWC narrowed in 2021, as top decile of index constituents returned an average of +45.1% over the year, while the bottom decile declined by an average of 14.7%, representing a top/bottom decile dispersion of 59.7%. In comparison, the top/bottom decile of dispersion in 2020 was 85.1%.
Hedge fund fees remained relatively steady in 2021, as the average industry-wide management fee decreased by one basis point from 1.37% to 1.36 % over the year, while the average incentive fee declined from 16.35% to 16.1% in 2021. Both estimated fees represent the lowest level since HFR began publishing these estimates in 2008, the firm says, however, for new funds that launched in 2021, the estimated average management fee rose from 1.24 to 1.33% from the prior year, while the average incentive fee for funds launched in 2021 decreased from 17.25% to 16.18% when compared to funds that launched in 2020.
“New hedge fund launches in 2021 exceeded totals from each of the prior three years, while liquidations fell to its lowest level since 2004, when industry capital was less than a quarter of the current level,” says Kenneth Heinz, president of HFR. “Strong growth trends continue to be driven by rising geopolitical and macroeconomic uncertainty, with institutional investors positioning for this uncertainty and looking for portfolio capital protections. These concerns from the prior year have only been increased by the early 2022 volatility and expectations for significant interest rate increases.
“Powerful risk-off trends and gains across uncorrelated Macro strategies have excelled through the early 2022 volatility, with contributions from commodity, fundamental discretionary and quantitative trend-following,” he adds. “These strategies have not only navigated the inflation/interest rate-sensitive trends, but also the surging energy prices and military escalation of uncertainty regarding the Russian invasion of Ukraine. As these trends continue to dominate performance through the first quarter, it is likely that both Macro funds and the industry as a whole are likely to attract increased institutional capital flows through mid-2022.”